When silver is in its purest form, it has the least reaction with the surrounding elements. And this is the main reason why sterling silver, one of its purest forms, doesn’t get tarnished with the changing weather.
According to the chemical composition of the metal, silver lies between gold and copper, therefore, it is an intermediate between the two. Let us tell you some more qualities of this metal:
It is one of the best conductors of heat and electricity.
It has the highest electrical and thermal conductivity known for any material.
It is strong, malleable and ductile, and can endure extreme temperature ranges.
Silver is also able to reflect light very well.
It is resistant to the atmospheric oxidation process.
It has high thermal and electrical conduction.
It’s the ability to be cut into the extremely thin sheets without breaking.
Silver is often used for jewelry production, especially in gold jewellery manufacturing.
This metal has considered strong and robust in nature.
Pure silver is too soft for products like jewelry and tableware, so the family's finest forks and
knives are most likely sterling silver.
An alloy of 92.5% silver and 7.5% copper is mostly used in the manufacturing of the cutlery.
Silver is also used in electronics and batteries.
Since it has amazing antimicrobial properties, nano particles of silver can be woven into
clothing to prevent bacteria from building up on deposits of sweat and oils.
When silver jewellery is made, some portions of other metals are blended along to give the
composition some extra grip. For example, a thin coating of rhodium metal is added to give
silver some extra shine.
Fine silver (99.9% pure) is too soft for being used in any manufacturing of products. Alloying
with copper maintains the silvery color of the metal while increasing it some strength.
In silver jewellery with purity of 92.5 % and above, zero percentage of other metals are used.
Mixing silver with copper is a difficult task. To provide rigidness to hold the gems in its
position for long-term, 7.5 % of copper is used with 92.5 % silver. The boiling part of both
metals has a huge difference which can lead to noticeable red stains.
Talking about Sterling silver, it is mostly used for making jewellery, silverware and other
Sterling silver is an alloy of silver that consists of 92.5% pure silver and 7.5% of other metal,
Sometimes, because of the use of copper, the mixture becomes too susceptible to oxidation
and corrosion which results in tarnishing of the sterling silver.
Other metals that can be used in sterling silver are zinc, platinum, and germanium. Silicon or
boron may be added to improve the properties of the metal.
According to the Jefferson Lab, here are some more properties of silver:
Atomic number (number of protons in the nucleus): 47
Atomic symbol (on the Periodic Table of Elements): Ag
Atomic weight (average mass of the atom): 107.8682
Density: 10.501 grams per cubic centimeter
Phase at room temperature: Solid
Melting point: 1,763.2 degrees Fahrenheit (961.78 degrees Celsius)
Boiling point: 3,924 F (2,162 C)
Number of isotopes (atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons): 66; 2
Most common isotopes: Ag-107 (51.839 percent natural abundance) and Ag-109 (48.161
percent natural abundance)